KOPER IN THE PAST AND TODAY
Aegida, Capris, Justinopolis, Insula Capraria, Caput Histriae, Capo D’Istria, Koper. These are the various names of Koper, whose image and name were altered throughout history by different rulers and states. Of all Slovenian coastal towns, Koper underwent the greatest number of changes and progressed a long way from the stony Goat Island to the economic centre of Slovenian Istra. Its modern image has deep historic roots and it is quite an art to bring together and harmonize all these influences.
In Roman times, the town was called Capris, in the times of Pope Gregory I it was Insula Capraria (the Goat Island), in Byzantine era it was called Justinopolis, the patriarchs of Aquilea named it Caput Istriae. Only in the times of the Venetian Republic its name was changed to Italian language: Koper – Capo D’Istria. During the long Venetian rule, Koper underwent the most significant economic and cultural changes, which can still be felt today. The modern city of Koper is a member of the European Medieval Towns Association.
Every cobblestone we see while walking along the city streets speaks of the past. Every renovated and restored old building speaks of the respect local people feel for the past. The most important periods were the times before the First World War, the time of Napoleon’s and Habsburg rule, as well as the time when the Sečovlje Saltpans were reduced in size and Koper was no longer an island. Its development was influenced significantly by the building of road and rail, the establishing of land and sea connections with Trieste and Poreč. After the Second World War, in the times of great political changes, Koper became the economic centre of the region, a unique meeting point of nautical, seaside and sports tourism. Various cultural events give life to its streets and squares all year round; they are especially lively in the summer months. Last but not least, its pulse has been quickened by the establishing of the young University of Primorska, which gives this city of abundant past, daring present and optimistic future a special kind of charm.
Via Verdi 10, 6000 CAPODISTRIA, SLOVENJA